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Mudumalalai National Park
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park is situated at the tri-junction of the three southern states of Tamilnadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. Mudumalai wildlife reserve is a continuation of the Bandipur National Park.
It was the first sanctuary in South India and established in the year 1940. It covers an area of 321 Sq. Km. comprising of pristine tropical wilderness. The place is rich in its bio-diversity especially the avifauna (Birds). The river Moyar that flows along the border or Tamil Nadu and Karnataka separates the two. The Mysore - Ooty highway runs through the park. Mudumalai forest attracts a large number of wildlife enthusiasts every year, coming from all over the planet. To accommodate the increasing number of tourists, the Indian Forest Department located in Mudumalai National Park created many wildlife resorts and forest lodges situated in Mudumalai forest itself.
It is included as part of the Nilgiri Bio-sphere reserve which is the first of its kind to be declared as a bio-sphere reserve in the country. A variety of habitats ranging from Tropical Evergreen forest, Moist mixed deciduous, Moist Teak forest, Dry teak forest, Secondary grass lands, Shrubs and Swamps exists here. The bird diversity in these habitats is unbelievably rich and is a welcoming place for bird watchers from far and wide. This park harbours over 200 species of birds from 48 families and is one of the richest bird areas in the State of Tamilnadu. Some of the rarely seen Birds of prey like the rufous bellied hawk eagle can be occasionally seen in this sanctuary. Nights are fascinating especially during the month of April, when the whole sanctuary is illuminated with millions of glow worms.

The wildlife in the Mudumalai National Park can be divided into the following categories:

The Mammals:

The major wildlife in the Mudumalai National Park include,
● The Asian elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Gaur,Hyena.
● Jackal, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Chital, Muntjac.
● Mouse Deer, Wild Boar, Stripe-necked Mongoose, Nilgiri Tahr (adjoining areas), Porcupine.
● Giant Flying Squirrel, Bonner Macaque, Barking Deer, Four-horned Antelope, Otter and Langurs.

The Birds:

The Mudumalai National Park is known for its avian population. The park is home to over 200 species of birds belonging to 48 families, enough to attract thousands of ornithologists and bird lovers to the park. The major birds found in the Mudumalai National Park include,
● The Crested Hawk Eagles, Crested Serpent Eagle, Malabar Trogon, Malabar Whistling Thrush, Large Racket-Tailed Drongos
● Spotted Babbler, Green Pigeons, Brown Dove, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Parakeets
● Bulbuls, Cuckoos, Hornbills, Scops Owl, Tiny-eared Owl
● Black Woodpecker, Mynas, Barbets, Buzzards, Harriers, Falcons and the King Vulture.

The Reptiles:

Mudumalai forest can be found among the picturesque surroundings of Tamil Nadu. Nilgiri Hills is a part of the Mudumalai National Park which, in turn, is a component of the greater Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
● The reptile population in the Mudumalai National Park mainly consists of the Crocodiles and Pythons.
● Common Krait and Bamboo Pit Snake are the other major reptiles in the park.
● The park also supports a variety of turtles, frogs and amphibians

Location:
The Mudumalai Sanctuary is as an important wildlife habitat due to its strategic position as a Wildlife corridor between several other protected areas that are a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. To the north is the Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park. To the west is the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and in the south are Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley National Park. To the east is the Segur plateau which connects to the Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuary and Reserve forests and Biligirirangan Hills Wildlife Sanctuary. These parks, sanctuaries and the adjoining Reserve forests cover over 3,300 square kilometres (1,300 sq mi) of forest supporting a population of 1800-2300 elephants.

Places Around Mudumalai:

Ooty- Situated amidst the blue mountains of the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu, Ooty is situated around 64 km from Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. It is an erstwhile British
  township that draws thousands of tourists every year by its sheer beauty.

Coimbatore
- is an important industrial city situated at a distance of around 160 km from Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Being an important textile-manufacturing center in India, it is also known as the 'Manchester of South India'.

Bandipur National Park and Tiger Reserve
- is one of the earliest tiger reserves in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. It is the natural habitat of Asiatic elephants and tigers. The park has one of the best-planned road systems in Indian wildlife sanctuaries and forms a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Transport:


Air
The nearest airport is at Coimbatore, 160-km away.

Rail
The sanctuary is located at a distance of 65-km from Udhagamandalam railway station and 95-km from Mysore station.

Road
Gudalur (16-km) is the nearest town to the sanctuary, which is situated along the Udhagamandalam - Mysore highway. This sanctuary could be reached from Mysore as well. There are regular buses from Udhagamandalam, Mysore and the neighbouring towns to the sanctuary.

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve:

There are 48 tigers in the Nilgiri Reserve across which tigers are free to roam. In April, 2007, the Tamil Nadu state government declared Mudumalai as a Tiger Reserve, under section 38V of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, in an effort to conserve the country's dwindling Tiger populations. Subsequently, about 350 families living in the core area have been evicted from the park and given 1 million rupee ($20,800) compensation. Those in the 5 km buffer area around the park fear they too will be evicted, however, nobody will be dislodged from the buffer zone. In fact, some people in this zone will be involved in the project as trackers and guides to enhance their income through eco-tourism.
Continuance of Project Tiger’ in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve for FY 2010/11, at the cost of Rs. 403.564 Lakhs, was approved by theNational Tiger Conservation Authority on 16 September 2010.

Resort:

Among the best resorts that you can find in Mudumalai forest are,
● Jungle Retreat Mudumalai
● Blue Valley Jungle Resorts
● Monarch Safari Lodge
● Forest Hills Farm and Guesthouse

Stay At Mudumalai Forest :

● The Blue Valley Jungle Resorts in Mudumalai forest is also located on the foothills of the Nilgiri hills and is close to the popular Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. If Mudumalai wildlife is one of your goals for going to the place, then this resort is perfect.
● It is one of the best resorts on the Mudumalai forest and covers an area of thirty two acres. It stands decently among the lush greenery of the Blue Hills, which is another name for the Nilgiri.
● Most of the resorts found on the Mudumalai forest have fine dining and accommodations so you will never want for anything else during your stay in Mudumalai forest.

Mudumalai Forest Cottages :

● Mudumalai forest cottages are all eco friendly and come with modern amenities. So even as you are enjoying Mudumalai wildlife, you will be able to enjoy modern comforts as well.
● Mudumalai forest accommodations include attached rooms, modern bathrooms, room service, and running water. Aside from Mudumalai wildlife, it is also possible to enjoy other amenities in the Mudumalai forest.
● These include satellite TV and telephone, which allows you to stay connected with the world even as you stay in Mudumalai forest.
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